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Better Block Harvard

How do you change a city? One block at a time. How do you change an institutional body on knowledge? Start at the top! Better Block co-founder Andrew Howard, A.I.C.P. is going to Harvard for a ten month Loeb Fellowship at the Graduate School of Design (GSD). His time will be spent researching with the top minds in the U.S. on the changing planning process in America using the Better Block Method of rapid revitalization. Mixing with experts in affordable housing, crowd-sourced financing and innovative construction methods, Andrew will bring back more ways to take the Better Block from weekend experiment to permanent transformation.

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Andrew, joins a network of over 400 fellow Loebs that are making the World a better place for all! Not too bad for a guy that thought he might go to jail for breaking zoning laws and painting streets illegally. In all seriousness, this is a perfect time to take some time to reflect on a career that he began in government working 7 years in long range transportation, then 7 years as a consultant at a top engineering firm and now having 4 years of personal business ownership testing the Better Block.

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 The time will also provide a breather for Jason to complete his long awaited book! He will continue speaking with the Lavin Agency and taking on select Better Block talks and workshops over the next year.

 

A big thank you to our community in Oak Cliff Texas that inspired this whole movement. The talent in this community made us want to share the message with everyone and we have found that every city has all the resources it needs to be great! We are looking forward to learning more about city building and broadening our message of rapid change to more people. Thank you!

Baton Rouge Better Block being made permanent

We’ve talked often about how the Better Block process leads to more rapid infrastructure changes than traditional planning methods. Here is the latest example of a street in Baton Rouge, where residents and stakeholders demonstrated a Better Block, and within a year, permanent changes tested through the activity are now being moved into permanent development. Kudos to the Baton Rouge Better Block team for pulling this together!

 

 

Richmond Better Block kicking off at Church Hill North

CommunityWalk1Planning for Richmond, Virginia’s first Better Block has kicked off in the Church Hill North neighborhood beginning with a successful community walk that took place at the project site (25th Street and Venable Street) on March 11th. A group of nearly 100 residents, stakeholders, and activists showed up to begin laying out the groundwork for the effort.

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While walking through the site, property owners who held vacant structures offered access to their buildings for use by pop-up shops during the project. A handful of great, historic structures (above) have the potential to be quickly converted to cafes, markets, or art galleries. If you’re interested in developing a shop for the project, be sure to fill out the following application form. The cut-off date for applications will be April 29th. A tour for pop-up shop participants will take place on April 15th at 6pm on the corner of 25th and Venable Street.

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After the community walk, participants learned more about the history of the Better Block project as well as hearing examples from recent projects. The following schedule has been laid out for the complete project:

April 15: 6pm Corner of 25th & Venable – Tour of vacant properties with potential pop up shops
April 29: Application for pop up due
June 11 and 12: pre build workshop*
June 13 and 14: Better Block

For additional questions regarding the project, please contact Max Hepp-Buchanan, Director of Bike Walk RVA at max@sportsbackers.org.

* the Pre-Build workshop will take place on site of the Better Block and allows a chance for participants to gather their materials, gain access to vacant properties, and help assemble things needed for the completed project. More details to come!

Better Block a Workaround for all Cities

“A workaround is a bypass of a recognized problem in a system. A workaround is typically a temporary fix that implies that a genuine solution to the problem is needed.”

Andres Duany has just launched a project with the Knight Foundation, which seeks to accelerate city revitalization by helping citizens and entrepreneurs work around cumbersome regulations. The first question today on a webinar between Andres and Carol Colleta VP of Knight foundation was how can we apply Lean Urbanism across a broad spectrum of US cities?

Better Block uses the special event permit process that is found in every city to demonstrate changes to the street, seed entrepreneurs, and test zoning codes. Here is an example from a recent project in Norfolk, VA were Team Better Block identified limitations in the zoning code and then empowered young entrepreneurs to test the market with new business ideas. Better Block documented what worked and then city staff created a workaround to the zoning code that made the temporary changes permanent:

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Pop up Shop Alchamey NFK in Norfolk VA during Better Block April 2013
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Building was first an auto parts dealer, then a furniture store that was put out of business when the Ikea came on the bypass. Now what do you do with all this space?
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During Better Block the building was host to a Market, Maker Space, Coffee Shop, Beer Garden and Skate Park…where does that fit in the zoning code?
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The pop shop wanted to go permanent, but how do you make it legit? City staff found a workaround by calling it a beer serving flea market!

So we need both the agitators and the experts to work together to make our cities better. This process gets around the non-contributors, the people that say changes will not work, and gets to the folks that have ideas and the will to find a way to make it happen. Cities that get this will excel and attract the greatest talent to them.

 

 

Take Away a Zero, Now a Scientific Fact

“Do you want to change things quickly?”  he asks.  “Remove one zero from the budget.   Do you want to change things even more quickly?  Remove TWO ZERO’s from the budget.” Former Mayor of Curitiba Brazil Jamie Lerner

Over the past four years we have learned this lesson over and over. Our best Better blocks have always been in less affluent neighborhoods and our projects that have had the most resistance were in affluent ones.

Science now explains what we’ve been experiencing, but have been unable to quite understand: Why do some folks who have a lot more money than others seem to be less nice and more selfish to everyone around them? Read More: http://www.whydontyoutrythis.com/2013/07/take-two-normal-people-add-money-to-just-one-of-them-and-watch-what-happens-next.html

So does this mean we all need to get poor? No, money is not the problem or the answer. The issue is with wealth we get comfortable, depend less on each other and feel entitled. Wealthy people that get this, like Jack White remain creative.

“All the money in the world kills creativity… do things to make it hard on yourself…set short deadlines to make things happen,” Jack White says.

Better Blocks’ remind us that together we can do things that money alone can’t. Borrowing, giving, receiving, building together and crowdfunding are essential to the human spirit. Lets put these practice back into the way we build cities

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How many Permanent Better Blocks can fit in this closed grocery store?

As a follow-up to the Building a Permanent Better Block post, we now analyze a “suburban formed” grocery anchored commercial block (across the street from our office) in Dallas, Texas, only 4 miles from Downtown Dallas.

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This was formerly a grocery store that recently closed leaving a large void in the area. Beside it is a strip of small chain businesses including a Little Caesar’s, O’Reilly’s Auto Parts Store, Bank of America branch office, Go Clips Salon, ACE Cash Express, and an Insurance office. All total, including the now vacant grocery store, 7 businesses. The lot itself, including parking lot is 120,000 square feet, half of which is parking (ie. unusable land that will generate no revenue, taking up potential product shelf space).

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Now let’s look at the Camden High Street commercial and residential block example again from the past post. Taking less than one quarter of the same land area at 18,700 square feet, you see far more productive use of the land with residents, businesses, and vibrant street life:

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And to break this down further, notice that we can comfortably fit 4 of these blocks into our semi-productive commercial block:

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From 7 businesses to 96 in the same area. Also, 300+ people living in the same block. Far more productive, far more efficient for the utilities (that we all pay for) that run under the ground, and the potential for a lively, neighborhood destination. And if we can figure out the financing mechanism at a local scale, where each building (total of 96) is constructed by individuals as opposed to single master developers, then we’ve got a new model built on historic precedence, which spreads ownership to a broader group.

Next, we’ll break down the sheer metric tons of concrete poured surrounding the area for roadway and parking lots to show how this (comparatively) unproductive land use can’t generate enough tax revenue to even cover the maintenance costs of the road that fronts it, yet we still build it without questioning it’s long term viability.

Norfolk’s Second Better Block a Success!

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Andrew Howard of Team Better Block leading Norfolk’s second Better Block project community walkthrough

 

Last year, we highlighted the outcomes of the first Better Block in Norfolk, Virginia (ie. rapid zoning changes, new business creation, and building sales) so to ring in the new year, the final report has just been released on the second Better Block which took place in November in the Park Place neighborhood.

Download (PDF, 7.75MB)

This project, a collaboration with the city of Norfolk, the National Association of REALTORS®, the Hampton Rhodes REALTORS® Association, and the Park Place Business Association, took two blocks of semi-vacant historic building stock with wide streets, and converted them into an active, and vibrant neighborhood destination complete with 19 new businesses, pedestrian calmed intersections, and re-claimed right-of-way for greater use by the neighborhood.

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Norfolk Park Place Better Block build team

 

Prior to the effort, local merchants organized to help spearhead the Better Block project and create a unified vision for the area. Outreach occurred to locals interested in starting new businesses, and city staff was advised on the creation of outdoor cafe seating, pedestrian bulb-outs, and improved landscaping. Vacant spaces were cataloged, and baseline metrics were gathered to show existing vehicle counts and speeds, and pedestrian use. Code for America’s Streetmix tool was used to profile the existing streetscape:

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All total the Better Block took place over two days, totaling 10 hours of business operation. Within that time, with $13,000+ in revenue generated. Also, after the project ended, one of the local businesses incubated through the project is now setting up permanent shop on 35th Street.

Re-lighting of the historic Newport marquis, which had been off for 37 years.
Re-lighting of the historic Newport marquis, which had been off for 37 years.

 

One of multiple parklettes created during the Better Block
One of multiple parklettes created during the Better Block
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Former vacant building converted to use with local business
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Vacant lot converted to pocket park for residents with farmers market

 

local restaurant created in vacant business space
local restaurant created in vacant business space
Mid-block crosswalk installed at Better Block
Mid-block crosswalk installed at Better Block